In the 2006 mid-term election, Democrats were elected to all state offices, except governor and lieutenant governor, where Republicans Tim Pawlenty and Carol Molnau narrowly won re-election. Nearly 55% of its residents live in the Minneapolis–Saint Paul metropolitan area (known as the "Twin Cities"),[8] the state's main hub of transportation, business, industry, education, arts, and government. Each of the next six decades saw a 15 percent increase in population, reaching 3.4 million in 1960. Is evaporated milk the same thing as condensed milk? The Red River drains the northwest part of the state northward toward Canada's Hudson Bay. It shares a Lake Superior water border with Michigan and a land and water border with Wisconsin to the east. Minor league baseball is represented by major league-sponsored teams and independent teams such as the St. Paul Saints, who play at CHS Field in St. Paul. Logically, it would seem that this area of … [137] There are nearly two dozen rail corridors in Minnesota, most of which go through Minneapolis–St. Minnesota is the 12th largest in area and the 22nd most populous of the U.S. states. Professional women's sports include the Minnesota Lynx of the Women's National Basketball Association, winners of the 2011, 2013, 2015, and 2017 WNBA Championships, the Minnesota Lightning of the United Soccer Leagues W-League, the Minnesota Vixen of the Independent Women's Football League, the Minnesota Valkyrie of the Legends Football League, and the Minnesota Whitecaps of the National Women's Hockey League. Minnesota's leading fine art museums include the Minneapolis Institute of Art, the Walker Art Center, the Frederick R. Weisman Art Museum, and The Museum of Russian Art (TMORA). As conditions deteriorated for the Dakota, tensions rose, leading to the Dakota War of 1862. Cloud State University and Bemidji State University. Dial-a-Ride service is available for persons with disabilities in a majority of Minnesota Counties.[141]. With 86,943 square miles (225,180 km2),[20] or approximately 2.25% of the United States,[21] Minnesota is the 12th-largest state. More than 36 percent of Minnesotans fish, second only to Alaska. In the 2008 U.S. presidential election, 78.2% of eligible Minnesotans voted – the highest percentage of any U.S. state – versus the national average of 61.2%. _____ 3. A small segment of the Scandinavian population attend a traditional lutefisk dinner to celebrate Christmas. Minnesota Territory was formed on March 3, 1849. [114] The fair covers the variety of Minnesota life, including fine art, science, agriculture, food preparation, 4-H displays, music, the midway, and corporate merchandising. Winter Olympic Games medalists from the state include twelve of the twenty members of the gold medal 1980 ice hockey team (coached by Minnesota native Herb Brooks) and the bronze medalist U.S. men's curling team in the 2006 Winter Olympics. [49] Suburban development accelerated due to increased postwar housing demand and convenient transportation. In Greater Minnesota transit services are provided by city systems such as Duluth Transit Authority, Mankato Transit System, MATBUS (Fargo-Moorhead), Rochester Public Transit, Saint Cloud Metro Bus, Winona Public Transit and others. Marshall, Laura Osnes, Melissa Peterman, Chris Pratt, Marion Ross, Jane Russell, Winona Ryder, Seann William Scott, Kevin Sorbo, Lea Thompson, Vince Vaughn, Jesse Ventura, and Steve Zahn. Ashkenazi Jewish pioneers set up Saint Paul's first synagogue in 1856. [48] As many as 800 settlers died during the war. Lakota Language Consortium (2008). Other large annual festivals include the Saint Paul Winter Carnival, the Minnesota Renaissance Festival, Minneapolis' Aquatennial and Mill City Music Festival, Moondance Jam in Walker, Sonshine Christian music festival in Willmar, the Judy Garland Festival in Grand Rapids, the Eelpout Festival on Leech Lake, and the WE Fest in Detroit Lakes. 24.2% of the population was under the age of 18; 9.5% between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.3% from 25 to 44; 27.1% from 45 to 64; and 12.9% 65 or older.[73]. [63] When hostilities broke out there were 6,500-7,000 Sioux in the state. [48], Industrial development and the rise of manufacturing caused the population to shift gradually from rural areas to cities during the early 20th century. It is also home to more than 20 private colleges and universities, six of which rank among the nation's top 100 liberal arts colleges, according to U.S. News & World Report. No. [86] The Temple of ECK, the spiritual home of Eckankar, is based in Minnesota. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's epic poem The Song of Hiawatha was inspired by Minnesota and names many of the state's places and bodies of water. On North Dakota’s attainment of statehood, the border was set as the Red River beginning at the Canadian border then along the border with Minnesota to the intersection with the Seventh Standard line of Parallel. Medical device maker Medtronic also started business in the Twin Cities in 1949. [163] The state's oldest radio station, KUOM-AM, was launched in 1922 and is among the 10-oldest radio stations in the United States. The Minnesota Vikings have played in the National Football League since their admission as an expansion franchise in 1961. [152] Voters can register on election day at their polling places with evidence of residency.[153]. New Lakota dictionary. Planting became more specialized with hybridization of corn and wheat, and farm machinery such as tractors and combines became the norm. [121], On October 1, 2007, Minnesota became the 17th state to enact the Freedom to Breathe Act, a statewide smoking ban in restaurants and bars. Minnesota is the northernmost state outside Alaska; its isolated Northwest Angle in Lake of the Woods is the only part of the 48 contiguous states lying north of the 49th parallel.Minnesota is in the U.S. region known as the Upper Midwest.The state shares a Lake Superior water border with Michigan and Wisconsin on the northeast; the remainder of the eastern border is with Wisconsin. [23], In more recent times, massive ice sheets at least one kilometer thick ravaged the state's landscape and sculpted its terrain. [64], Logging and farming were mainstays of Minnesota's early economy. Minnesota Bounties On Dakota Men During The US-Dakota War,Hamline University, C. Rotel, 2013, Sioux Valley Dakota Nation, The US-Dakota War 1862, Minnesota Historical Society website, The lesser coat of arms of France as used by the, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Mississippi National River and Recreation Area, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, Confessional Evangelical Lutheran Conference, List of Minnesota locations by per capita income, List of television shows and movies in Minnesota, List of colleges and universities in Minnesota, Minnesota State Colleges and Universities System, Minneapolis–St. French explorers, missionaries, and fur traders began exploring the region in the 17th century, encountering the Dakota and Ojibwe/Anishinaabe tribes. Minnesota has the nation's largest population of timber wolves outside Alaska,[37] and supports healthy populations of black bears, moose, and gophers. The construction of Fort Snelling followed between 1819 and 1825. North & South Dakota, Wisconsin and Iowa all Border Minnesota. This page lists bordering state for each of the 50 states in the United States. Minnesota was famous for its soft-ore mines, which produced a significant portion of the world's iron ore for more than a century. The seven-justice Minnesota Supreme Court hears all appeals from the tax court, the workers' compensation court of appeals, first-degree murder convictions, and discretionary appeals from the court of appeals; it also has original jurisdiction over election disputes.[147]. [23], Two major drainage divides meet in Minnesota's northeast in rural Hibbing, forming a triple watershed. [135], Transportation in Minnesota is overseen by the Minnesota Department of Transportation (MnDOT) at the state level and by regional and local governments at the local level. The CDC warns that travel increases chances of getting and spreading COVID-19 and that avoiding travel is one of the best ways to protect ourselves and others. The Minnesota Timberwolves joined the NBA in 1989, and have played in Target Center since 1990. [18] Many places in the state have similar Dakota names, such as Minnehaha Falls ("curling water" or waterfall), Minneiska ("white water"), Minneota ("much water"), Minnetonka ("big water"), Minnetrista ("crooked water"), and Minneapolis, a hybrid word combining Dakota mní ("water") and -polis (Greek for "city"). Minnesota has an active program of organized amateur and professional sports. [87], Once primarily a producer of raw materials, Minnesota's economy has transformed to emphasize finished products and services. D Socioeconomic Information", "2017 American Community Survey – Demographic and Housing Estimates", "2016 American Community Survey – Demographic and Housing Estimates", "2016 American Community Survey – Selected Social Characteristics", "Americans under age 1 now mostly minorities, but not in Ohio: Statistical Snapshot", "Minnesota QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau", "Ellison Calls on Trump to Condemn Minnesota Mosque Bombing", "The Association of Religion Data Archives | State Membership Report", "American Religious Identification Survey", "Mosques and Islamic schools in Minneapolis–St. Compounding the adversity, western Minnesota and the Dakotas were hit by drought from 1931 to 1935. The gender makeup of the state was 49.6% male and 50.4% female. Shortly after arriving at the fort, one of the women was raped by soldiers while gathering firewood. [123] The Mayo Clinic, a world-renowned hospital based in Rochester, was founded by William Worrall Mayo, an immigrant from England. Located on the Mississippi Flyway, Minnesota hosts migratory waterfowl such as geese and ducks, and game birds such as grouse, pheasants, and turkeys. [124][125], U.S. News & World Report's 2014–2015 survey ranked 4,743 hospitals in the United States in 16 specialized fields of care, and placed the Mayo Clinic in the top four in all fields except psychiatry, where it ranked seventh. [33] Although logging continues, regrowth and replanting keep about a third of the state forested. The Mississippi National River and Recreation Area (MNRRA) is a 72-mile-long (116 km) corridor along the Mississippi River through the Minneapolis–St. With incidents of travel in that territory during the summer of 1849. [23] These glaciers covered all of Minnesota except the far southeast, an area characterized by steep hills and streams that cut into the bedrock. The region was part of Spanish Louisiana from 1762 to 1802. [136] In 2006, a constitutional amendment was passed that required sales and use taxes on motor vehicles to fund transportation, with at least forty percent dedicated to public transit. You can view the information either alphabetically by state or by the number of bordering states. Is Minnesota closing its borders? Stereotypical traits of Minnesotans include "Minnesota nice", Lutheranism, a strong sense of community and shared culture, and a distinctive brand of North Central American English sprinkled with Scandinavian expressions. Minnesota is the northernmost state outside Alaska; its isolated Northwest Angle in Lake of the Woods is the only part of the 48 contiguous states lying north of the 49th parallel. Weeklies including City Pages and monthly publications such as Minnesota Monthly are available. [84] Although Christianity is dominant, Minnesota has a long history with non-Christian faiths. Ontario and Manitoba also border Minnesota. Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. Minnesota remains a center of Scandinavian American, German American, and Czech American[10] culture. Minnesota attained statehood in 1858 with its western border being defined by the Red River from the border with Canada to the Bois de Sioux River and extends to Lake Traverse. [115][120] While overall health indicators are strong, Minnesota does have significant health disparities in minority populations. The Minnesota Swarm of the National Lacrosse League played at the Xcel Energy Center until the team moved to Georgia in 2015. 1 Questions & Answers Place. The growing season varies from 90 days in the far northeast to 160 days in southeast Minnesota near the Mississippi River, and average temperatures range from 37 to 49 °F (3 to 9 °C). [39] Meteorological events include rain, snow, blizzards, thunderstorms, hail, derechos, tornadoes, and high-velocity straight-line winds. [71], The United States Census Bureau estimates the population of Minnesota was 5,639,632 on July 1, 2019, a 6.33 percent increase since the 2010 United States Census. Minnesota has gone for the Democratic Party in every presidential election since 1960, with the exception of 1972, when it was carried by Republican Richard Nixon. Angle Inlet. 2. It is known for its displays of seed art, butter sculptures of dairy princesses, the birthing barn, and the "fattest pig" competition. Minnesota ranks 3rd among the U.S. states overall, having the third-best rank for opportunity as well as ranking 3rd for its natural environment. The major Interstate highways are Interstate 35 (I-35), I-90, and I-94, with I-35 and I-94 connecting the Minneapolis–St. Inter state form of sales tax income tax? There are 39 analog broadcast stations and 23 digital channels broadcast over Minnesota. As with the federal government of the United States, power in Minnesota is divided into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial.[143]. New technology increased farm productivity through automation of feedlots for hogs and cattle, machine milking at dairy farms, and raising chickens in large buildings. [132] While Minnesota has chosen not to implement school vouchers,[133] it is home to the first charter school. From here, the border becomes a fence between parking lots, before running across the University of Minnesota transitway and into the derelict industrial area to the north. The winding Red River of the North shapes its border with Minnesota in the east. It is home to birds of prey, including the largest number of breeding pairs of bald eagles in the lower 48 states as of 2007,[38] red-tailed hawks, and snowy owls. The table below shows the racial composition of Minnesota's population as of 2017. The USA state of Minnesota borders all of the following other US states: Wisconsin, on the east North Dakota, on the west South Dakota, on the southwest Iowa, on the south What is the most vascular part of the body? Most other domestic carriers serve the airport. Growth then slowed, rising 11 percent to 3.8 million in 1970, and an average of 9 percent over the next three decades to 4.9 million in the 2000 Census. The Minneapolis Lakers of the National Basketball Association played in the Minneapolis Auditorium from 1947 to 1960, after which they relocated to Los Angeles. Saint Paul, in east-central Minnesota along the banks of the Mississippi River, has been Minnesota's capital city since 1849, first as capital of the Territory of Minnesota, and then as the state capital since 1858. According to the Organic Act of 1849, the Minnesota Territory extended westwards to the White Earth and Missouri River. Medical care in the state is provided by a comprehensive network of hospitals and clinics operated by a number of large providers including Allina Hospitals & Clinics, CentraCare Health System, Essentia Health, HealthPartners, M Health Fairview and the Mayo Clinic Health System. [48] Saint Anthony Falls was later tapped to provide power for flour mills. Find answers now! From 1834 to 1836 Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa and half the Dakotas were part of the Territory of Michigan. In 1861 residents of Mankato formed the Knights of the Forest, with a goal of eliminating all Native Americans from Minnesota. [89] Minnesota's economy had a gross domestic product of $383 billion in 2019,[90] with 33 of the United States' top 1,000 publicly traded companies by revenue headquartered in Minnesota,[91] including Target, UnitedHealth Group, 3M, General Mills, U.S. Bancorp, Ameriprise, Hormel, Land O' Lakes, SuperValu, Best Buy, and Valspar. Over 1,600 Dakota women, children and elderly walked from the Lower Sioux Agency to Fort Snelling to be held until the spring thaw allowed riverboats to take them out of Minnesota to Crow Creek by the Great Sioux Reservation. Does pumpkin pie need to be refrigerated? On March 12, the Czech Republic declared a 30-day state of emergency and barred entry to non-residents from coronavirus-affected countries, as well as partially closing its borders. COVID-19 fight looks different in Minnesota's border states. Many of them came from Scandinavia, Germany, and Central Europe (such as Czechs and Slovaks). The ore was shipped by rail to Duluth and Two Harbors, then loaded onto ships and transported eastward over the Great Lakes. [129] In a 2013 study conducted by the National Center for Educational Statistics comparing the performance of eighth-grade students internationally in math and science, Minnesota ranked eighth in the world and third in the United States, behind Massachusetts and Vermont. In the 1980s, influential hit radio groups and musicians included Prince, The Original 7ven, Jimmy Jam & Terry Lewis, The Jets, Lipps Inc., and Information Society. You can also look for cities 4 hours from Border, MN (or 3 hours or 2 hours or 1 hour). The state has 17 cities with populations above 50,000 as of the 2010 census. Minnesotans have consistently cast their Electoral College votes for Democratic presidential candidates since 1976, longer than any other state. [30] It is joined by the Minnesota River at Fort Snelling, by the St. Croix River near Hastings, by the Chippewa River at Wabasha, and by many smaller streams. Meanwhile, squatters, government officials, and sight-seers had settled near the fort. [77] Minnesota's growing minority groups, however, still form a smaller percentage of the population than in the nation as a whole. The other elected constitutional offices are secretary of state, attorney general, and state auditor. As formed in 1849, Minnesota Territory was bounded by Canada, Michigan (in a portion of Lake Superior),Wisconsin, Iowa, and the Missouri and White Earth Rivers. Both the Democratic and Republican parties have major-party status in Minnesota, but its state-level Democratic party has a different name, officially known as the Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party (DFL). The Hazeltine National Golf Club has hosted the U.S. Open, U.S. Women's Open, U.S. Senior Open and PGA Championship. Which of the Great Lakes forms part of the northeastern border of Minnesota? The lowest temperature recorded was −60 °F (−51 °C) at Tower on February 2, 1996, and the highest was 114 °F (46 °C) at Moorhead on July 6, 1936. The Green Party, while no longer having major-party status, has a large presence in municipal government,[154] notably in Minneapolis and Duluth, where it competes directly with the DFL party for local offices. [138] There is water transportation along the Mississippi River system and from the ports of Lake Superior. There are 279 district court judgeships in ten judicial districts. Small-town life is portrayed grimly by Sinclair Lewis in the novel Main Street, and more gently and affectionately by Garrison Keillor in his tales of Lake Wobegon. Each district has one senator and two representatives, each senatorial district being divided into A and B sections for members of the House. The Minnesota Daily is the largest student-run newspaper in the U.S.[160] Sites offering daily news on the Web include The UpTake, MinnPost, the Twin Cities Daily Planet, business news site Finance and Commerce and Washington D.C.-based Minnesota Independent. However, the Enabling act of 1857 cut off a major part of the western r… [108] In 2008 Minnesotans paid 10.2 percent of their income in state and local taxes; the U.S. average was 9.7 percent. The nation's first indoor shopping mall was Edina's Southdale Center, and its largest is Bloomington's Mall of America. [32] These northern forests are a vast wilderness of pine and spruce trees mixed with patchy stands of birch and poplar. State of Minnesota Map Template coloring page. In far southeastern Manitoba, Canada, lies an inlet of the Lake of the Woods that is part … The State of Minnesota was created by the United States federal government in the traditional and cultural range of lands occupied by the Dakota and Anishinaabe peoples as well as other Native American groups. From there, light rail runs to Saint Paul Union Depot on the Green Line, and to the MSP airport and the Mall of America via the Blue Line. [95], As of December 2018 the state's unemployment rate was 2.8 percent.[96]. Minnesota is bordered to the west by North Dakota and South Dakota. [76], In 2011 non-Hispanic whites were involved in 72.3 percent of all the births. Paul, Minnesota – salatomatic.com: your guide to mosques & Islamic schools", "The Pew Forum – America's Changing Religious Landscape", "United States and States – R2001. The state is part of the U.S. region known as the Upper Midwest and part of North America's Great Lakes Region. Paul International Airport, United States District Court for the District of Minnesota, Upper Sioux Community – Pejuhutazizi Oyate, Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, United States congressional delegations from Minnesota, Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference, NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship, "Elevations and Distances in the United States", "Minnesota State Demographic Center – Immigration & Language", "Minnesota State Tree – Red Pine (Norway Pine)", "Our Estimates: Latest annual estimates of Minnesota and its Economic Development Regions' population and households, 2017", "America's Most (and Least) Educated States", "Good Question: How Did Minnesota Get Its Name? The border runs diagonally through Lake Superior.and something else. MPR has the largest audience of any regional public radio network in the nation, broadcasting on 46 radio stations as of 2019. [40], Minnesota's first state park, Itasca State Park, was established in 1891, and is the source of the Mississippi River. Paul area, and I-90 traveling east-west along the southern edge of the state. In the United States, Minneapolis's number of theater companies ranks behind only New York City's,[111] and about 2.3 million theater tickets were sold in the Twin Cities annually as of 2006. Along with this Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs), such as the Metropolitan Council, provide planning and oversight of land use actions in metropolitan areas. Notable actors from Minnesota include Loni Anderson, Richard Dean Anderson, James Arness, Jessica Biel, Rachael Leigh Cook, Julia Duffy, Mike Farrell, Judy Garland, Peter Graves, Josh Hartnett, Garrett Hedlund, Tippi Hedren, Jessica Lange, Kelly Lynch, E.G. Urban centers in "Greater Minnesota" include Duluth, Mankato, Moorhead, Rochester and St. According to the 2017 American Community Survey, 5.1% of Minnesota's population were of Hispanic or Latino origin (of any race): Mexican (3.5%), Puerto Rican (0.2%), Cuban (0.1%), and other Hispanic or Latino origin (1.2%). [40] Average summer dewpoints range from about 58 °F (14 °C) in the south to about 48 °F (9 °C) in the north. [16][17][18] Dakota people demonstrated the name to early settlers by dropping milk into water and calling it mní sóta. Minnesotans helped shape the history of music through popular American culture: the Andrews Sisters' "Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy" was an iconic tune of World War II, while the Trashmen's "Surfin' Bird" and Bob Dylan epitomize two sides of the 1960s. The Minnesota Legislature is a bicameral body consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives. In 2009, according to the U.S. Census Bureau, Minnesota had the second-highest proportion of high school graduates, with 91.5% of people 25 and older holding a high school diploma, and the tenth-highest proportion of people with bachelor's degrees. The four largest daily newspapers are the Star Tribune in Minneapolis, the Pioneer Press in Saint Paul, the Duluth News Tribune in Duluth, and the Post-Bulletin in Rochester. Historical evidence suggests that many people immigrated to Minnesota as a result of the failed European Revolutions of 1848.[11]. Minnesotans have also made significant contributions to comedy, theater, media, and film. [46][47] The portion of the state east of the Mississippi River became part of the United States at the end of the American Revolutionary War, when the Second Treaty of Paris was signed. The Twins also advanced to the 1965 World Series, where they lost to the Los Angeles Dodgers in seven games. [34] Nearly all Minnesota's prairies and oak savannas have been fragmented by farming, grazing, logging, and suburban development.[35]. William Norris left Sperry in 1957 to form Control Data Corporation (CDC). The state gets nearly one fifth of all its electrical energy from wind. [23] The Wisconsin glaciation left 12,000 years ago. [68] The remainder of the state is known as "Greater Minnesota" or "Outstate Minnesota".[69]. The manufacturing sector now includes technology and biomedical firms, in addition to the older food processors and heavy industry. Since 2016, the Senate has had a slim Republican majority. Roman Catholics (of largely German, Irish, French and Slavic descent) make up the largest single Christian denomination. There are almost 20,000 miles (32,000 km) of snowmobile trails statewide. How about why Alaska isn't connected to the rest of the United States? Engineering Research Associates was formed in 1946 to develop computers for the United States Navy. [177] Minnesota has more miles of bike trails than any other state,[178] and a growing network of hiking trails, including the 235-mile (378 km) Superior Hiking Trail in the northeast. The course also hosted the Ryder Cup in the fall of 2016, when it became one of two courses in the U.S. to host all major golf competitions. Minnesota United FC joined Major League Soccer as an expansion team in 2017, having played in the lower-division North American Soccer League from 2010 to 2016. Potlucks, usually with a variety of hotdishes, are popular small-town church activities. [109] The state legislature may allow municipalities to institute local sales taxes and special local taxes, such as the 0.5 percent supplemental sales tax in Minneapolis. These cities were on rivers that were ideal for transportation. In the North Country, what had been an industrial area focused on mining and timber has largely been transformed into a vacation destination. New England in the Life of the World: A Record of Adventure and Achievement By Howard Allen Bridgman page 112, A Collection of Confusable Phrases By Yuri Dolgopolov page 309, Minnesota: A History of the State By Theodore Christian Blegen page 202-203, Sketches of Minnesota, the New England of the West. [142] Intercity bus providers include Jefferson Lines, Greyhound, and Megabus. Popular interest in the environment and environmentalism, added to traditional interests in hunting and fishing, has attracted a large urban audience within driving range.[164]. In 1839 the army forced them to move downriver and they settled in the area that became St. Interlachen Country Club has hosted the U.S. Open, U.S. Women's Open, and Solheim Cup. The rigors and rewards of pioneer life on the prairie are the subject of Giants in the Earth by Ole Rolvaag and the Little House series of children's books by Laura Ingalls Wilder. Since a period of volcanism 1.1 billion years ago, Minnesota's geological activity has been more subdued, with no volcanism or mountain formation, but with repeated incursions of the sea, which left behind multiple strata of sedimentary rock. [174] Minnesotans have learned to embrace their long, harsh winters in ice sports such as skating, hockey, curling, and broomball, and snow sports such as cross-country skiing, alpine skiing, luge, snowshoeing, and snowmobiling. Although the high-grade ore is now depleted, taconite mining continues, using processes developed locally to save the industry. State and national forests and the seventy-two state parks are used year-round for hunting, camping, and hiking. Educational Attainment by State: 1990 to 2009", "Report: American Education Isn't Mediocre – It's Deeply Unequal", "Newsroom – Press Kit, Digital Media Library, and Press Releases", "The states that spend the most (and the least) on education, in one map", "School vouchers: Who stands to gain at what cost? [155] In 2008, DFLer and former comedian and radio talk show host Al Franken defeated incumbent Republican Norm Coleman in the U.S. Senate race by 312 votes out of three million cast. Private companies based in Minnesota include Cargill, the largest privately owned company in the United States,[92] and Carlson Companies, the parent company of Radisson Hotels. [83] The international Confessional Evangelical Lutheran Conference is headquartered in Mankato, Minnesota. The Superior National Forest in the northeast contains the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness, which encompasses over a million acres (4,000 km2) and a thousand lakes. Paul International Airport (MSP), a major passenger and freight hub for Delta Air Lines and Sun Country Airlines. [30] Minnesota has 6,564 natural rivers and streams that cumulatively flow for 69,000 miles (111,000 km). The food was meager, measles and cholera swept the enclosure and nothing had been done to provide sanitation. [173], Fishing does not cease when the lakes freeze; ice fishing has been around since the arrival of early Scandinavian immigrants. The state is part of the U.S. region known as the Upper Midwest and part of North America's Great Lakes Region. [26] Much of the remainder of the state has fifty feet (15 m) or more of glacial till left behind as the last glaciers retreated. During the mid-19th and early 20th centuries, European immigrants began settling Minnesota. [139], Minnesota's principal airport is Minneapolis–St. Major cities near Border, MN. In the 2010 election, Republicans took control of both chambers of the Minnesota legislature for the first time in 38 years and, with Mark Dayton's election, the DFL party took the governor's office for the first time in 20 years. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Minnesota experiences temperature extremes characteristic of its continental climate, with cold winters and hot summers. In 2012, the Democrats regained the House of Representatives by a margin of 73–61, picking up 11 seats; the Democrats also regained the Minnesota Senate. Great mouse practice for toddlers, preschool kids, and elementary students. The National Hockey League's Minnesota Wild play in St. Paul's Xcel Energy Center, and reached 300 consecutive sold-out games on January 16, 2008. [70] Of these only Rochester, Duluth, and Saint Cloud are outside the Twin Cities metropolitan area. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. This is a list of large cities closest to Border, MN. Two of the largest public radio networks, Minnesota Public Radio (MPR) and Public Radio International (PRI), are based in the state. [49] Its soldiers built a grist mill and a sawmill at Saint Anthony Falls, the first of the water-powered industries around which the city of Minneapolis later grew. Get directions, maps, and traffic for Border, MN. [71], From fewer than 6,120 white settlers in 1850, Minnesota's official population grew to over 1.7 million by 1900. [159] Hubbard Broadcasting, which owns KSTP, is now the only locally owned television company in Minnesota. Gigantic Lake Agassiz formed in the northwest 13,000 years ago. After many years of unequal treaties and forced resettlement by the state and federal government, the tribes re-organized into sovereign tribal governments. [107] As of 2008 Minnesota was ranked 12th in the nation in per capita total state and local taxes. When did organ music become associated with baseball? [99] The state is the nation's largest producer of sugar beets, sweet corn, and peas for processing, and farm-raised turkeys. Minnesota's commitment to education has contributed to a literate and well-educated populace. [80], The majority of Minnesotans are Protestants, including a large Lutheran contingent, owing to the state's largely Northern European ethnic makeup. [134], The state supports a network of public universities and colleges, including 37 institutions in the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities System, and five major campuses of the University of Minnesota system. Minnesota's population continues to grow, primarily in the urban centers. [110] Excise taxes are levied on alcohol, tobacco, and motor fuel. Federal court cases are heard in the United States District Court for the District of Minnesota, in Minneapolis, St. Paul, Duluth, and Fergus Falls. [85] Minnesota is home to more than 30 mosques, mostly in the Twin Cities metro area. This area is known as the Driftless Zone for its absence of glacial drift. [52] Thousands of pioneers had come to create farms and cut timber. Iowa is to the south, North Dakota and South Dakotaare to the west, an… Paul Metropolitan Area connecting a variety of sites of historic, cultural, and geologic interest.[44]. A Prairie Home Companion which first aired in 1974, became a long-running comedy radio show on National Public Radio. The state's U.S. Senate seats have generally been split since the early 1990s, and in the 108th and 109th Congresses, Minnesota's congressional delegation was split, with four representatives and one senator from each party. A smallish peninsula measuring 123 … To limit the spread of the new coronavirus that causes COVID-19, at least 27 countries on every inhabitable continent have closed their borders to certain foreign nationals. A State-issued Enhanced Driver's License (EDL) provides travelers not only a license to drive but also a proof of identity and citizenship when exiting and re-entering the United States borders. When hostilities ended there were 2,000 in custody. [166] Previous professional soccer teams have included the Minnesota Kicks, which played at Metropolitan Stadium from 1976 to 1981, and the Minnesota Strikers from 1984 to 1988. ", "Best Colleges 2009: Liberal Arts Rankings", "Amtrak Train and Bus Stations in the Midwest", "Leadership of the Minnesota House of Representatives 2019", "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections", "Populism Is Alive and Well in Southern Minnesota", "Study: Minnesota tops nation in voter turnout", "Minnesota Democrat becomes first Muslim to win seat in Congress", "Minnesota United officials say 'big dig' at stadium site will begin in spring", "Upper Midwest Athletic Conference – History", "Hazeltine National Golf Club – Premier Golf Destination", "Ice Fishing can be a very exciting experience", "Take to the Trails! The state has had active third-party movements. It was formed out of a 1944 alliance of the Minnesota Democratic and Farmer-Labor parties. Minnesota has a progressive income tax structure; the four brackets of state income tax rates are 5.35, 7.05, 7.85 and 9.85 percent. Explore Minnesota Biking", Indian Affairs Council, State of Minnesota, The Upper Sioux Community Pejuhutazizi Oyate, Grand Portage Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, White Earth Indian Reservation Tribal Council, cities with populations exceeding 100,000, Spanish involvement in the American Revolutionary War, Francisco Hernández de Córdoba (Yucatán conquistador), Francisco Hernández de Córdoba (founder of Nicaragua), Indigenous people during De Soto's travels, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Minnesota&oldid=991835328, States and territories established in 1858, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 01:49. For thousands of years before Europeans arrived, Minnesota was inhabited by various indigenous peoples. Minnesota became a center of technology after World War II. The first Europeans in the area were French voyageur fur traders who arrived in the 17th century and began using the Grand Portage to access trapping and trading areas further inland. The Vikings' current stadium hosted Super Bowl LII in February, 2018. Increased mobility in turn enabled more specialized jobs.[49]. From there, the Minnesota River would be the border up to the Mississippi River, and then the Mississippi would be the state's eastern border. [9] The state's geography is defined by western prairies now given over to intensive agriculture; deciduous forests in the southeast, now partially cleared, farmed, and settled; and the less populated North Woods, used for mining, forestry, and recreation. State of Arizona map outline coloring sheet - part of the learn-to-read, read-to-me series of reading games. (Hence, the subtitle above.) Before European settlement of North America, a subculture of Sioux called the Dakota people lived in Minnesota. Minnesota is the second northernmost U.S. state (after Alaska) and northernmost contiguous state. From 1838 to 1846 Minnesota west of the Mississippi River was part of the Territory of Iowa. [67] Cray Research was formed when Seymour Cray left CDC to form his own company. One can also find dozens of varieties of food on a stick, such as Pronto Pups, cheese curds, and deep-fried candy bars. [82] This is broadly consistent with the results of the 2001 American Religious Identification Survey, which also gives detailed percentages for many individual denominations. Today, the tribal governments are divided into 11 semi-autonomous reservations that negotiate with the U.S. and the state on a bilateral basis: The first six of the Anishinaabe bands compose the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, the collective federally recognized tribal government of the Bois Forte, Fond du Lac, Grand Portage, Leech Lake, Mille Lacs, and White Earth reservations. Twin Cities CBS station WCCO-TV and FOX station KMSP-TV are owned-and-operated by their respective networks. It shares a Lake Superior water border with Michigan and a land and water border with Wisconsin to the east. _____ and _____ 7. Bison disappeared in the mid-19th century; the last bison was reported in southwest Minnesota in 1879. Many lakes and rivers are overseen by watershed districts and soil and water conservation districts. Online interactive printable Minnesota Map coloring page for students to color and label for school reports. [115][116] They have long life expectancies,[117] and high rates of health insurance and regular exercise. Enhanced Driver's License for International Travel. [150][151] Minnesota has a consistently high voter turnout. [4] The rate of population change, and age and gender distributions, approximate the national average. Senators serve for four years and representatives for two years. The hospital ranked #1 in eight fields and #2 in three others. A border outlines the area that a particular governing body controls. Innovations by Minneapolis millers led to the production of Minnesota "patent" flour, which commanded almost double the price of "bakers'" or "clear" flour, which it replaced. The governor has a cabinet consisting of the leaders of various state government agencies, called commissioners. Governor Tim Walz, DFL (Democratic–Farmer–Labor), took office on January 7, 2019. The state imposes a use tax on items purchased elsewhere but used within Minnesota. In addition to bus services, Amtrak's daily Empire Builder (Chicago–Seattle/Portland) train runs through Minnesota, calling at the Saint Paul Union Depot and five other stations. They separate countries, states, provinces, counties, cities, and towns. Two years later, the Republicans regained control of the Minnesota House,[156] and in 2016, the GOP also regained control of the State Senate.[157]. Appeals from the trial courts and challenges to certain governmental decisions are heard by the Minnesota Court of Appeals, consisting of 19 judges who typically sit in three-judge panels. Cloud. The Twin Cities area is the fifteenth-largest media market in the United States, as ranked by Nielsen Media Research. Regional development commissions (RDCs) provide technical assistance to local governments in broad multi-county area of the state. [104], Xcel Energy is the state's largest utility and is headquartered in the state;[105] it is one of five investor-owned utilities. In descending order of population, they are Minneapolis, Saint Paul, Rochester, Duluth, Bloomington, Brooklyn Park, Plymouth, Saint Cloud, Woodbury, Eagan, Maple Grove, Coon Rapids, Eden Prairie, Minnetonka, Burnsville, Apple Valley, Blaine, and Lakeville. The DFL posted double-digit gains in both houses of the legislature, elected Amy Klobuchar to the U.S. Senate, and increased the party's U.S. House caucus by one. From 1821 to 1834 it was part of an Unorganized Territory. When Iowa gained statehood western Minnesota was in an Unorganized Territory again. [106] There are also a number of municipal utilities.[106]. Its flat bed now is the fertile Red River valley, and its outflow, glacial River Warren, carved the valley of the Minnesota River and the Upper Mississippi downstream from Fort Snelling. [22], Minnesota has some of the earth's oldest rocks, gneisses that are about 3.6 billion years old (80% as old as the planet). A 2010 survey by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life showed that 32 percent of Minnesotans were affiliated with Mainline Protestant traditions, 21 percent were Evangelical Protestants, 28 percent Roman Catholic, 1 percent each Jewish, Muslim, Buddhist, and Black Protestant, and smaller amounts of other faiths, with 13 percent unaffiliated. [30] The Mississippi River begins its journey from its headwaters at Lake Itasca and crosses the Iowa border 680 miles (1,090 km) downstream. In 2018, the DFL retook control of the Minnesota House, while electing DFLer Tim Walz as Governor. Median Household Income", "State and National Employment and Unemployment", "Capella Tower sports a cap, but it can't topple the IDS", "Minnesota – DP-3. [57] The six-week war ended with the execution of 38 Dakota and the exile of many to the Crow Creek Reservation in Dakota Territory. Coordinates: 46°16′51″N 94°18′19″W / 46.2807°N 94.3053°W / 46.2807; -94.3053 (State of Minnesota), This article is about the State of Minnesota. [171], In the warmer months, these activities often involve water. Approximately 10.6 million acres (4,300,000 ha; 43,000 km2) of wetlands are within Minnesota's borders, the most of any state outside Alaska.[31]. The Vikings have advanced to the Super Bowl Super Bowl IV, Super Bowl VIII, Super Bowl IX, and Super Bowl XI, losing all four games to their AFC/AFL opponent. The world-renowned Guthrie Theater moved into a new Minneapolis facility in 2006, boasting three stages and overlooking the Mississippi River. The first territorial legislature (held September 2, 1849)[51] was dominated by men of New England ancestry. Unfortunately, this fix created a 26-mile jog in the border, a little "bump" of Minnesota that pokes up into Canada to this day. [101] Forestry remains strong, including logging, pulpwood processing and paper production, and forest products manufacturing. Minnesota has four ecological provinces: prairie parkland, in the southwestern and western parts of the state; the eastern broadleaf forest (Big Woods) in the southeast, extending in a narrowing strip to the state's northwestern part, where it transitions into tallgrass aspen parkland; and the northern Laurentian mixed forest, a transitional forest between the northern boreal forest and the broadleaf forests to the south. The sawmills at Saint Anthony Falls and logging centers like Pine City, Marine on St. Croix, Stillwater, and Winona processed high volumes of lumber. The University of Minnesota-owned station is still on the air, and since 1993 broadcasts a college rock format. What state borders Minnesota to the east? Minnesota east of the Mississippi was part of Wisconsin until 1848. After several territorial reorganizations, Minnesota was admitted to the Union in 1858. While loss of habitat has affected native animals such as the pine marten, elk, woodland caribou, and bison,[36] others like whitetail deer and bobcat thrive. The Minnesota Orchestra and the Saint Paul Chamber Orchestra are prominent full-time professional musical ensembles who perform concerts and offer educational programs to the Twin Cities' community. Minnesota's court system has three levels. The Twin Cities campus of the University of Minnesota is a National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I school competing in the Big Ten Conference. [61] Conditions there were poor. Minneapolis grew around the flour mills powered by St. Anthony Falls. On a smaller scale, many of these attractions are offered at numerous county fairs. [103] A two percent biodiesel blend has been required in diesel fuel since 2005. Much of what is now Minnesota was part of the vast French holding of Louisiana, which the United States purchased in 1803. Control of the House shifted back to Republicans in the 2014 election, and returned to the DFL in the 2018 midterm election. Nevertheless, farming remained prevalent. [165] Previously, the Minnesota North Stars competed in NHL from 1967 to 1993, which played in and lost the 1981 and 1991 Stanley Cup Finals. The Twins began play as the original Washington Senators, a founding member of the American League in 1901, relocating to Minnesota in 1961. In the November 2010 Minnesota House election, the Republicans gained 25 house seats, giving them control of the body by a 72–62 margin. This boundary dataset is NOT a legal document, nor is it appropriate for use on large scale or site-specific maps and applications. Major-party status in Minnesota (which grants state funding for elections) is reserved to parties whose candidates receive five percent or more of the vote in any statewide election (e.g., governor, secretary of state, U.S. president). [102] In 2019 there were more than 411 service stations supplying E85 fuel, comprising 85 percent ethanol and 15 percent gasoline. Minnesota (/ˌmɪnɪˈsoʊtə/ (listen)) is a state in the Upper Midwest, Great Lakes, and northern region of the United States. With a map by E. S. SEYMOUR page xii, Northern Lights: The Stories of Minnesota's Past By Dave Kenney, Hillary Wackman, Nancy O'Brien Wagner page 94, The controversial career of Minnesota’s first territorial governor, Alexander Ramsey, MINNPOST web page, By Jayne Becker, Oct. 1, 2018, U.S.-Dakota War’s aftermath a ‘dark moment’ in Fort Snelling history, Pioneer Press, Nick Woltman, May 2019. It is the country's largest non-juried performing arts festival.[113]. What two US states border Minnesota to the west? What US state borders Minnesota to the south? Situated within Superior National Forest in northeastern Minnesota, the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness is a vast preserve of lakes and woods that stretches for about 100 miles along the U.S. border with Canada. Minnesota’s Northwest Angle in Lake of the Woods is farther north than any other part of the contiguous United States. The founding population was so overwhelmingly of New England origins that the state was dubbed "the New England of the West". A big city usually has a population of at least 200,000 and you can often fly into a major airport. There are two teaching hospitals and medical schools in Minnesota. Minnesota is also a large producer of corn and soybeans,[100] and has the most food cooperatives per capita in the United States. [144] The 2010 Senate election also saw Minnesota voters elect a Republican majority in the state Senate for the first time since 1972. [161][162] PRI weekly provides more than 400 hours of programming to almost 800 affiliates. [29], The state's nickname "Land of 10,000 Lakes" is apt, as there are 11,842 Minnesota lakes over 10 acres (4 ha) in size. [27], The state's high point is Eagle Mountain at 2,301 feet (701 m), which is only 13 miles (21 km) away from the low point of 601 feet (183 m) at the shore of Lake Superior. [126] The Mayo Clinic and the University of Minnesota are partners in the Minnesota Partnership for Biotechnology and Medical Genomics, a state-funded program that conducts research into cancer, Alzheimer's disease, heart health, obesity, and other areas. Keith Ellison (DFL) was elected as the first African American U.S. Representative from Minnesota, as well as the first Muslim elected to Congress nationwide. Minnesota is one of 45 U.S. states with its own lottery; its games include Powerball, Mega Millions, Lotto America (all three multi-state), Northstar Cash, and Gopher 5. When Minnesota’s statehood was considered in 1856, all of its boundaries had been determined except the western boundary. Minnesota's economy was hit hard by the Great Depression, resulting in lower prices for farmers, layoffs among iron miners, and labor unrest. All are in Minneapolis. [130] In 2014, Minnesota students earned the tenth-highest average composite score in the nation on the ACT exam. The state's other top markets are Fargo–Moorhead (118th nationally), Duluth–Superior (137th), Rochester–Mason City–Austin (152nd), and Mankato (200th).[158]. [128] In 2015, Minneapolis was named the nation's "Most Literate City", while St. Paul placed fourth, according to a major annual survey. To its west is Voyageurs National Park. The state has 67 districts, each with about 60,000 people. The Independence Party has received enough support to keep major-party status. [53][54][55][56], Treaties between the U.S. Government and the Dakota and Ojibwe gradually forced the natives off their lands and onto reservations. North Dakota, South Dakota, Iowa, and Wisconsin share a border on dry land. Paul. [58] Minnesota Governor Alexander Ramsey subsequently declared that "the Sioux Indians of Minnesota must be exterminated or driven forever beyond the borders of the state.”[59] He also placed a bounty of $25/scalp on the heads of the Dakota men. The populations of metropolitan Sherburne and Scott counties doubled between 1980 and 2000, while 40 of the state's 87 counties lost residents over the same period. [131] In 2013, nationwide in per-student public education spending, Minnesota ranked 21st. [23][25] The roots of these volcanic mountains and the action of Precambrian seas formed the Iron Range of northern Minnesota. Minnesotans have low rates of premature death, infant mortality, cardiovascular disease, and occupational fatalities. In a state of 5.5 million people, there were more than 1.8 million visitors to the fair in 2014, setting a new attendance record. Like many Midwestern states, it remained sparsely populated and centered on lumber and agriculture. Where can i find the fuse relay layout for a 1990 vw vanagon or any vw vanagon for the matter? _____ 4. Does North Dakota or Minnesota share a border with Canada… Most cases start in the district courts, which are courts of general jurisdiction. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources (MNDNR) dsPeriodOfContent: 7/1/2013: dsPurpose: This data was created to provide a standard county boundary layer to represent the state. [175] Minnesota is the only U.S. state where bandy is played.[176]. All Rights Reserved. The state borders South Dakota in the south, Montana in the west, and the Canadian provinces of Saskatchewan and Manitoba in the north. [19], Minnesota is the second northernmost U.S. state (after Alaska) and northernmost contiguous state, as the isolated Northwest Angle in Lake of the Woods county is the only part of the 48 contiguous states north of the 49th parallel. Another popular comedy staple developed in the 1990s, The Daily Show, was originated through Lizz Winstead and Madeleine Smithberg. The team plays at Allianz Field in St. [45] Explorers such as Daniel Greysolon, Sieur du Lhut, Father Louis Hennepin, Jonathan Carver, Henry Schoolcraft, and Joseph Nicollet mapped the state. Minnesotans participate in high levels of physical activity,[170] and many of these activities are outdoors. The strong interest of Minnesotans in environmentalism has been attributed to the popularity of these pursuits. Two years later, the DFL regained control of both houses, and with Dayton in office, the party had same-party control of both the legislative and executive branches for the first time since 1990. Minnesota became the 32nd U.S. state on May 11, 1858. _____ 6. [65] By 1900 Minnesota mills, led by Pillsbury, Northwestern and the Washburn-Crosby Company (a forerunner of General Mills), were grinding 14.1 percent of the nation's grain. [48] ]In 1805 Zebulon Pike bargained with Native Americans to acquire land at the confluence of the Minnesota and Mississippi rivers. Attendance at theatrical, musical, and comedy events in the area is strong. The executive branch is headed by the governor. There are nine NCAA Division II colleges in the Northern Sun Intercollegiate Conference, and twenty NCAA Division III colleges in the Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference and Upper Midwest Athletic Conference.[167][168]. Principal transportation corridors radiate from the Twin Cities metropolitan area and along interstate corridors in Greater Minnesota.