1650–1550 BC: 13th–17th Dynasties of Ancient Egypt However, in some countries, the dates have been disputed and only estimated since the flag designed has changed over time. 1936–1941: Occupied by Italy[74] 1524–1544: Part of the Governorate of New Andalusia (part of the Spanish Empire) 1946–1992: Part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 899–976: Ruled by the Qarmatian Republic 1625-1966: Part of the British Empire as its West Indies 1841–1907: Colony of New Zealand, part of the British Empire 1795–1812: Part of the Russian Empire The rest of the three countries in the top five are Vietnam (2879 BC), Armenia (2492 BC), and North Korea (2333 BC). The city is one of Sweden's main tourist attractions, renowned for its Gothic style Uppsala Cathedral, the 16th-century royal castle, the Archbishop's Palace, its central park, and several botanical gardens and botanical museums. 1973: Denmark becomes member of the EEC 1042–1047: Norwegian rule 750–965: Part of the Abbasid Caliphate Egypt is a close second with its establishment happening in 3100 BC. 1943–1951: French Military Territory of Fezzan-Ghadames So why do we erect barriers to human mobility? 1607–1613: Divided in Governorate General of Bahia and Governorate General of Rio de Janeiro, part of the Portuguese Empire 1963–1964: Kenya (monarchy) Notably, a fence runs along the border between the two countries. In Luzon, there were the Ivatan people, the Society of Cordillera, the Kingdoms of Pangasinan and Ma-i, Kota Selurong and the Tondo Dynasty. 1293–1355: Peninsular Malaysia was divided in many states like Kedah Sultanate, Samudera Pasai Sultanate, Langkasuka, Pahang Tua, etc. However, national authorities may check people at or close to internal borders if police information and experience warrant stepping up surveillance temporarily. The Phoenicians are fixed in Tripolitania, and the Greeks, in Cyrenaica. 1921–1946: Emirate of Transjordan, part of the British Empire This is most likely the main reason why Italy's population has a higher median age. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LrObZ_HZZUc. 168 BC-395 AD: Part of the Roman Republic (later the  Roman Empire) 1929–1943: Part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia 1896–1898: Federated state of the Greater Republic of Central America 1157–1331: Grand Duchy of Vladimir (From 1238 to 1294 it was a part of the Mongol Empire thanks to the Great stand on the Ugra river. 9000 BC—1500 AD: Inhabited by Native Brazilians, including Tupi people, Gê peoples, Kalina people and Arawaks. (The Empire of Nicaea is considered the legitimate continuation of the Byzantine Empire because it managed to retake Constantinople.) After the Tudor conquest of Ireland, the entire country came under the nominal control of the King of Ireland (the monarch of England held the crowns of England and Ireland in a personal union). 1568–1888: Divided between the Sultanate of Brunei and the Sultanate of Sulu The territory of Estonia has been inhabited since at least 9,000 B.C, 1968–2018: Kingdom of Swaziland 605 BC–538 BC: Part of the Babylonian Empire 1909–1930: Idrisid Emirate of Asir 1071–1194: Part of the Seljuk Empire The Ostrogoths was never recognised by the eastern emperors as "kings" (rex). The territory of Botswana has been inhabited since the Paleolithic Era. 626–637: Part of the Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire) 4th century–13th century: Various Hindu-Buddhist Kingdoms, most notably Srivijaya in 8th–10th century AD c.1200s–1809: Part of the Kingdom of Sweden, as an integral region. 550-c.1000: Tiwanaku state 860 BC–590 BC: Kingdom of Ararat 1776–1811: Part of the Viceroyalty of Rio de la Plata (part of the Spanish Empire) 1810–1814: Kingdom of Chile (Patria Vieja, Old Fatherland) (nominally a monarchic state in personal union with Spain, recognizing Ferdinand VII as king) 330 BC-107 AD: Nabatean Kingdom 1525–1535: Part of the Columbian Viceroyalty (Part of the Spanish Empire) 10th–13th century: Spain has been divided between the Christian Kingdoms (Castile, León, and Naverre) and Muslim Caliphates. The country is rich in history.  Scotland: Since 2 million BC, Pakistan has been settled starting with Proto-humans.[95][96]. 1945–1991: Federated state of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia as  SR Croatia 5th or 4th century–322 BC: Nanda Empire 1836–1921: Emirate of Jabal Shammar 895–1000: Principality of Hungary, 1947–1950: Dominion of India, a monarchy in personal union with the United Kingdom(a federal state. A monastery at the top of Mount Titano, likely the center of the community, was constructed in sixth century BCE. This led to a short conflict, known as the Battle of Valdevez. Italy is said to have one of the best healthcare systems: it includes nationalized healthcare, which is extremely accessible and largely free. 1139–1415: Kingdom of Portugal (Independent after the Battle of Ourique, Although it was not until 4 years later in 1143, when independence was recognized). 1823–1838: Federated state of the Federal Republic of Central America From 12,000 BC humans has been settled stating with tribes, chiefdoms and confederations,[104][105] including Caledonians, Caereni, Carnonacae, Cat, Cornovii, Creones, Damnonii, Decantae, Lugi, Maeatae, Novantae, Picts, Selgovae, Scoti, Smertae, Taexali, Vacomagi, and Venicones. 1121–1269: Part of the Almohad Caliphate 1795–1805: Part of the French Colonial Empire 107 BC-95 BC: Divided between the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt (Cyrenaica) and the Roman Republic (Tripolitania) The decades from the 890s to the 930s are only sparse documented in written sources. Island nations have the advantage in this matter, of course, because their boundaries have a natural definition. 1973–1990: Chilean Military Dictatorship From 1294 to 1331 it was part of the Golden Horde) Furthermore, arguments could be made both for and against certain countries being included in this list. 901–918: Kingdom of Taebong 1898–1914: part of the German New Guinea, part of the German Empire 1918: Divided in the Courland Governorate, part of the Russian Republic, and a region occupied by Germany (Ober Ost) San Marino is officially the oldest sovereign state in the world, and the oldest constitutional republic as well and has the oldest written constitution in history, created in 1600, which is a constitution it still follows to this day. 1613–1670: In 1613, the town of Kuwait was founded in the present-day location of Kuwait City. 1409–1700: Kingdom of Dagbon, founded by the Dagomba people 1822–1832: After the War of Independence Greece declared independent as the First Hellenic Republic 1999–2002: Administered by the United Nations in Transition. 1283–1547: Grand Duchy of Moscow (From 1283 to 1294 it was a part of the Mongol Empire. See also: disputed territories. 1918–1960: French Cameroon, part of the French Empire 1815—1822: Brazil, elevated to kingdom so that it was legally possible to achieve a political union with the Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves to create the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and Algarves (Portuguese Empire) c.721–750 AD: Umayyad Caliphate 1904–1958: French Dahomey (as part of French West Africa) 1940—1944:  Free France, a government-in-exile of France, and member of the allies during WWII. 11th century–1217: Grand Principality of Serbia 395–476: Center of the Western Roman Empire List of borderline names of INDIA with neighboring countries: India is sharing its borders with the following countries – Bhutan, Bangladesh, China, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan & Sri Lanka. Oldest Countries in the World Iran. 674–1122: Toltec Kingdom Can anyone confirm/disprove? Since about 10,000 to 7,000 BC humans have been settled by Native Costa Ricans, including Chibchans and Nahuatl. 1920–1932: Kingdom of Iraq under British Administration c.2000-c.1450 BC: Divided in many states like Assyria, Isin and Babylonia 324–681: Part of the  Byzantine Empire as the province of Dalmatia 330–323 BC: Part of the Empire of Alexander the Great Apr 8, … 509–27 BC: Part of Roman Republic 1970–1975: Khmer Republic 1159–1258: Abbasid Caliphate The Sovereign territory was organized under the National Constituent Assembly. c.1070–1204: Sena Kingdom 1516–1917: Part of the Ottoman Empire Autonomous since at least the 10th century. 590–626: Gauda Kingdom 1535–1795: Captaincy General of Santo Domingo, part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain (Part of the Spanish Empire) 661–750: Part of the Umayyad Caliphate 1700–1500 BC: Inhabited by Cemetery H 1250–1264: Principality of Antioch and the Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt Since 598,000 BC humans have been settled starting within a 30-metre (100 ft) terrace, with primitive Acheulean and Abbevillian (Chellean).[72]. The Fatimid Caliphate eventually developed a new and indigenous Arabic culture in Egypt. One particularly noteworthy example is the border … 1764–1775: Zaporozhian Sich, a semi-autonomous polity and proto-state of Cossacks within the Russian Empire So that may be out; I'll see if I can find something older. 1969–1992:  People's Republic of the Congo 329–323 BC: Part of the Macedonian Empire 314 BC-301 BC: Part of the kingdom of Antigonus I Monophthalmus 1501–1736: Safavid Empire [citation needed]. 320 BC-314 BC: Part of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt It runs through the Sinai Desert. 131 BC-64 BC: Western regions are part of the Roman Republic. 1798–1818: Captaincy General of Chile or Govenorate of Chile (known unofficially as the Kingdom of Chile), with self-administration without vice-royal dependence, part of the Spanish Empire 596–539 BC: Part of the Babylonian Empire Facebook. 1289–1516: Part of the Mamluk Sultanate 1159–1184: Divided between the Banu Sulaym tribe (Cyrenaica) and the Almohad Caliphate (Tripolitania) 1915–1916: Empire of China 1779–1783: Part of the French Empire 1203–1404: Banu Sulaym tribe (coastal areas) 1907–1947: Dominion of New Zealand, monarchic state in a personal union with the United Kingdom 12th century-100 BC:Various ancient peoples dispersed throughout modern-day Italy, the most predominant being the Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name, there also the presence of Phoenicians and Carthaginians in insular Italy, Greeks in Southern Italy, and Etruscans and Celts in central and northern Italy respectively. November 1917 – April 1918: Part of the Transcaucasian Commissariat 969–973: Part of the Fatimid Caliphate c.1200 BC-c.1076 BC: Divided in many Syro-Hittite states in the west, while eastern regions are part of the Middle Assyrian Empire 1945–1993: Part of the Czechoslovakia (interrupted by Warsaw Pact armies in 1968) 321–305 BC: Part of the Macedonian Empire 1071–1174: Part of the Seljuk Empire 1300 BC–1190 BC: Kingdom of Arme-Shupria 1559–1670: part of the Mali Empire c.100-687:Peninsular Malaysia was divided in many states like Gangga Negara, Langkasuka, Chi Tu, Pan Pan, Kedah, Melayu Kingdom, etc. 637–661: Part of the Rashidun Caliphate 63 BC-270: Part of the Roman Republic (and later the Roman Empire) 1889—1930: Republic of the United States of Brazil (First Brazilian Republic) (a federal state, the federation had 20 federated states, 1 federal district and, from 1903, 1 federal territory) 1836–1839: In union with North Peru and South Peru in the Peru–Bolivian Confederation The rest of the island —known as Gaelic Ireland—remained under the control of various Gaelic Irish kingdoms 1336–1432: Part of Jalayirid Dynasty 1902–1913: Emirate of Riyadh (Third Saudi State) 1355–1380: Part of the Majapahit Empire For most countries, the date they adopted their flags is obvious and can easily be traced. 1917 – April 1918:  Ukrainian People's Republic 1902–1968: Part of the British Empire Some countries have used the same flag for centuries. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, More posts from the AskHistorians community. Wales: 1951–1969: Kingdom of Libya (1760–1794): Zand Dynasty 945–961: Divided between the Abbasid Caliphate (Cyrenaica) and the Fatimid Caliphate (Tripolitania) 654–884: Arminiya, Province (largely autonomous vassal principalities) of the Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphates 809–945: Center of the Abbasid Caliphate [99] Those empires consisted largely of city-states and/or fiefdoms, and bear little resemblance to our modern notion of countries or nation-states. However, this title was never recognized by Europeans.) 1752–1871: Sheikhdom of Kuwait, independent state 1975–1979: Democratic Kampuchea 1897–1910:  Korean Empire 875–999: Part of Samanid Emirate However, the Mughal Emperor (in Maratha) continued to be the highest manifestation of sovereignty. The borders of four countries divide Africa’s Lake Chad: Niger, Chad, Cameroon, and Nigeria. I guess they haven't seen much conflict and definitely couldn't lose land easily, being mountain countries. 121 BC—395 AD: Gaul, part of the  Roman Empire 890–905: Part of the Tulunid Emirate and Hamdanid Emirate 1370–1405: Part of Timurid Empire c.1200–1525: Divided between Cuzcatlan (Western part) and Lenca (Eastern part) 969-945: Part of the Fatimid Caliphate (coastal areas) 1738–1796: Part of the Afsharid Empire 69 BC-39 BC: Part of the Roman Empire, of the Kingdom of Emessa and of the Kingdom of Palmyra 1814–1817: Part of  Spanish Empire as the Captaincy General of Venezuela 1285–1415: Part of the Sultanate of Ifat Again, I'll keep looking to see if I can find something older. Prior to the rise of the Persian Empire, several groups of people lived in the area that would later become Iran– this included the Elamites, who were a pre-Iranian civilization that settled in the far West and Southwest region of modern-day Iran and the Medes, who had control of most of Iran un… c.1898 BC-c.1788 BC: Amorite kingdoms (Amurru kingdom, Kingdom of Qatna, Ebla's Third Dynasty, Yamhad) and Mariote Kingdom, independent states 1868–1918: Part of the  Austria-Hungary as the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia 1231–1369: Part of the Mongol Empire [75] In the Dominican Republic, every constitutional amendment is considered a new constitution. 1415–1577:Part of the Sultanate of Adal Ottomans conquered Fezzan between 1556 and 1577 Although the area of present-day Ghana in West Africa has experienced many population movements, the Akans were firmly settled by the 5th century CE, 1783–1974: Part of the British Empire, as its West Indies Norway is both a constitutional and hereditary monarchy with a parliamentary system. War and Pieces Many of the oldest borders in the world were established by treaties following a war. 1235–1352: Part of the Delhi Sultanate c.1788 BC-c.1776 BC: Small Amorites kingdoms and the Old Assyrian Empire 6th century BC–3rd century BC: Part of the Persian Empire under the Achaemenids Monarchy abolished and replaced by republic, Area that is now Lesotho placed under British rule, France recognizes Madagascar's independence, Recognition of independence by the French protectorate, Recognized independence from the United Kingdom as Zimbabwe. On 1 January 1801, Ireland was united with two kingdoms as the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, until Ireland become independent on 6 December 1922 leaving with 26 out of 32 of the Irish counties. The PRC government considers itself the successor of the Republic of China (1912–49) which legally inherited the whole China from the Qing Empire. 1600s–1903: Various Berber and Arabic tribes 321 BC–AD 428: Kingdom of Armenia 1814–1818: Captaincy General of Chile (Reconquest by the Spanish Empire 1940—1944: Occupied by Germany in WWII making Vichy France, a Nazi Puppet. 1569–1795: Crown of the Kingdom of Poland, federated state of the  Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (first republic) [37], 2002–2004: Transitional Islamic State of Afghanistan Parliament condemned the continuation of internal border checks in the Schengen area in a report adopted on 30 May 2018.. 1480/1522–1897: Sultanate of Bagirmi 2500–539 BC: Part of Phoenicia 1975–1999: Part of  Indonesia as Timor Timur Commonwealth of Australia established as federation. 481–843: Part of Francia (The number of China borders will become 16 if Hong Kong and Macau are also included). 600–734: Frisian Kingdom Independence dates for widely recognized states earlier than 1919 should be treated with caution, since prior to the founding of the League of Nations, there was no international body to recognize nationhood, and independence had no meaning beyond mutual recognition of de facto sovereigns (the role of the League of Nations was effectively taken over by the United Nations after the Second World War). 876–905: Part of the Tulunid Emirate c. 900/1137–1270: Zagwe Kingdom 1717–1857: India divided during the Mughal Era: Maratha Empire (later, the "Maratha Confederacy"), Kingdom of Mysore, and the Sikh Kingdom. 1919–1945: Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea Countries with Longest Land Borders and Length (Country which has longest international border length) China has longest international border length in whole world. 1231–1244: Part of the Second Bulgarian Empire 1526-1556 AD: Mughal Empire Some modern scholars refer to this period as an independent kingdom of Israel, Declaration of the creation of North Korea, Proclamation of Mongolian independence from, Myanmar (Burma) declares independence from the, Signing of border treaty with the People's Republic of China, In 2012, the United Nations approved a 2009 claim by the Philippines to the, The United States recognises independence under the provisions of the, Singapore ceased to be a state of Malaysia, Establishment of Singapore as an independent sovereign state, Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand 2017, East Timor declares its independence but was suppressed by the, Independence was recognized by the international community following the, End of treaty relationship with the United Kingdom, Independence from the Soviet Union declared, Albanian state re-established after Italian/German occupation, Western border with Poland: modification of the, Independence was proclaimed by the provisonial government, Independence (from the Soviet Union) reasserted, end of occupation. 1174–1250: Part of the Ayyubid Sultanate 935–969: Ikhshidid State, autonomous state within the Abbasid Caliphate 661–750: Part of Umayyad Caliphate If you discount military occupations, San Marino is likely the oldest country with consistent borders. 1700–1500 BC: Inhabited by Cemetery H 1291–1798: : Swiss Confederation 1679: Denmark forced to leave Gotland for good Before 1243: Part of the Roman Empire, Sheikdom of Upper Asir If my memory serves me correctly, it was not included in Il Risorgimento (Italian unification) in deference to San Marinese wishes, in gratitude for their harboring of Italian nationalists during the first half of the 19th century. 661–750: Part of the Umayyad Caliphate 1721–1917:  Russian Empire (a unitary state) 1225–1231: Center of the Khwarazmian Empire 1848—1852: French Second Republic Topic: What's the oldest non-island country in the world with its current borders? The Central European country borders nine nations, and its landscape varies, from the northern plains that reach to the North and Baltic seas to the Bavarian Alps in the south. 1821–1825: Center of the Viceroyalty of Peru (viceroyalty of the Spanish Empire) Iran is the oldest country in the world with its sovereignty coming back in 3200 BC. 1620–1636: Occupied by the Aceh Sultanate Later ruled by the, 1945–1954: the second French rule, which was ended by the, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 03:00. c.2300 BC: Akkadian Empire 5th century-1216: Divided in various states, including the Kingdom of Gwynedd 230 BC–1206 AD: India divided between the 49 middle kingdoms. These colonies became the Bosporan Kingdom (435 BC-370 AD) 439–534: Part of the Vandal Kingdom 648–656: Part of the Rashidun Caliphate 968–1171: Sharifate of Mecca, part of the Fatimid Caliphate Between 1947 and 1950 the territories of the princely states were politically integrated into the Indian Union.) 911–1291: Part of the Kingdom of Germany and the  Holy Roman Empire (from 962) as the Duchy of Swabia 1917–1919: Occupied by France and the United Kingdom 108 BC-37 AD: Divides between the kingdoms of Korea 698–926: Kingdom of Balhae Before 1525: The Huertar people establishes some kingdoms in the modern territory of Costa Rica: Eastern Huetar Kingdom, domains of the King Garabito, Kingdom of Pacaca and Western Huetar Kingdom. 1114 BC–860 BC: Nairi Confederation This is a list of countries and territories by land borders. 1650–1763: Part of the French Empire. 962–1801: the Italian peninsula divided into many states, among them the medieval Kingdom of Italy (774–1806) within the Holy Roman Empire 1918–1941: Part of the  Kingdom of Yugoslavia (Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes) 754–1870:  Papal States (Interregna (1798–1799, 1809–1814 and 1849)). 1898 BC: Kingdom of Qatna and Mariote Kingdom, independent states (Mari conquered Ebla) Note: Cyprus has been divided between two ethnicities as one sovereign state: Greek Cyprus and Turkish Cyprus from 1983. 1479–1912: Part of  Ottoman Empire as Sanjak of Scutari 18 BC-660 AD: Kingdom of Baekje 1944–1991:  Ukrainian SSR, federated state of the Soviet Union Since c.2000 BC humans have been settled by Native Nicaraguans, including Chibcha. 1830–1962: Part of the French Empire (as the integral territory) Throughout Norway’s history, the country has been united with both Denmark and Sweden. 1804–1813: Revolutionary Serbia (as independent movement inside the Ottoman Empire) I don't think territorial acquisitions by war count? 1968–2003: Iraqi Republic 1591–1707: Mughal Empire Part of the Ottoman Empire, 1936–1991: Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic, federated state of the Soviet Union Interventions in Latin America", "Green Zone, Heart of U.S. 1806–1810: Occupied by the  First French Empire as Kingdom of Holland 1501–1736: Part of Safavid Empire 1919–1919: Lithuanian–Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic Having its roots in a 4th century Christian monastic community, it has a long tradition of neutrality and peaceful relations with its neighbors. And Italy and Laos not just for the ones they border, but they are nice and short. 1154–1182: Valdemar the Great 247 BC – 224 AD: Parthian Empire 600 AD: Bantu-speaking peoples first moved into the country from the north September 15–24, 1821: Republic of Costa Rica 218 BC-385 AD: Part of the  Roman Empire as Lusitania and Gallaecia France: the country with approximately same borders . 1966–1970: Guyana (monarchy) 1991–2019: Republic of Macedonia (the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia) Note: The French Colonial Empire was founded by the order of Francis I of France. (642–759/760): Part of Dabuyid dynasty 256 BC–125 BC: Part of the Greco-Bactrian Kingdom BRO maintains operations in 19 states & three UTs (Andaman and Nicobar Islands, J&K and Laddakh), and neighboring countries such as Afghanistan, Bhutan, Myanmar, and Sri Lanka. 1772–1775: State of Grão-Pará and Rio Negro, part of the Portuguese Empire Lastly, in Mindanao, there were the Sultanate of Maguindanao, Butuan Rajahnate and the Sultanate of Sulu. 1415–1577: Adal Sultanate 1963–1964: Nyasaland, part of the British Empire All others can be ranked below. 1896–1898: Federated state of the Greater Republic of Central America 1264–1268: Principality of Antioch,the Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt in the West. Twitter. c.50/68 AD–550 AD: Kingdom of Funan. 1346–1371: Serbian Empire 1841–1852: Republic of Salvador In Roman constitutional theory, the Empire was still simply united under one emperor, implying no abandonment of territorial claims. 1939–1945: Occupied by  Nazi Germany and the  Soviet Union during WWII making the  Polish Underground State as an emergency state, and later in 1944 Poland was proposed to make a Government. 11th century–1896: Burkina Faso is divided in several Mossi Kingdoms, 1962–1966: Kingdom of Burundi (independent) 776–338 BC: Ancient Greece (Archaic and Classical Period): Greece was divided into many states, including Athens, Sparta, Thebes and Macedonia 1655–1707: Part of the English Empire China borders with 14 number of countries. Most of the remainder of what became Saudi Arabia (except the Eastern coast) reverted to traditional tribal rule. 1510–1535: Part of the Columbian Viceroyalty (part of the Spanish Empire) 973–1014: Center of the Zirid Emirate 1474–1778: Part of the Portuguese Empire, 1952–1993: Part of Ethiopia Parts of West Bank are controlled by Israel, except for the Area A of the Palestinian National Authority. 1561–1721: Duchy of Estonia, dominion of the Swedish Empire 1603–1642: Kingdom of Ireland. What Are the Oldest Countries in Europe? 1578–1607: Governorate General of Brazil, part of the Portuguese Empire 150 BC—30 AD: Part of Indo-Parthian Kingdom and the Indo-Scythians 1659–1707:  Kingdom of England, in personal union with the Kingdom of England 945–968: Western Arabia was part of the Buyid Empire Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Linkedin. Armenia. 224–651: Part of Sassanid Empire September 24, 1821 – 1823: Part of the First Mexican Empire as Province of Costa Rica 1992–2002: Islamic State of Afghanistan 909–973: Part of the Fatimid Caliphate Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian declared war on the Ostrogoths in 535 in an effort to restore the former western provinces of the Roman Empire. 418-c.721 AD: Visigothic Kingdom 1816–1861: Kingdom of the Two Sicilies The Ilkhanate in the East [97] (Paraguayan independence was assured only after the War of the Triple Alliance, when Brazil resisted Argentine offers to divide and annex the country) 1636–1826: Divided in many states like the Johor Sultanate, the Perak Sultanate, the Selangor Sultanate, Kingdom of Besut Darul Iman, etc. 411–534: Kingdom of the Burgundians 1928–44: Albanian Kingdom (de facto protectorate of Italy 1928–1939; occupied by Italy 1939–43; occupied by Germany 1943–44) 1918–1920: First Republic of Armenia 1624–1662: Dutch Formosa / Spanish Formosa Some get more attention than others; think Russia-Ukraine, or India-Pakistan. c.1500 BC-1521 AD: Mixtec Civilization 41 current states gained control of sovereignty from United Kingdom and France between 1956 and 1966) or dissolution of a political union (e.g. 1945–1947: French Protectorate of Laos a French protectorate within French Indochina — a collection of Southeast Asian protectorates within the French Empire. c.2230 BC-c.2218 BC: Eblaite Kingdom and Mariote Kingdom, part of the Akkadian Empire c.2028 BC-c.2000 BC: Eblaite Kingdom and Mariote Kingdom, independent states c. 3000 BC-2290 BC: Eblaite Kingdom 1796–1917: Part ot Russian Empire as Kiev Governorate The border between Portugal and Spain — Portugal's only land border — was established in the Treaty of Alcanizes in 1297 AD. 1918–1929: Part of the  Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes as South Serbia [108] On 1 of May 1707, the kingdoms are united from England (10th century- 1707) and Scotland (9th century- 1707), forming as the  Kingdom of Great Britain. 1823–1838: Federated state of the Federal Republic of Central America September 24, 1821 – 1823: Part of the First Mexican Empire as Province of Nicaragua 2700–539 BC: Inhabited by Elamites 13th century-1516: Spain has been divided between two monarchies: the Crown of Castile and the Crown of Aragon (In 1492, Spain became into an empire until 1975). 1841–1963: British Borneo Well, these pictures of country borders will restore your faith and make you believe that borders are just mere lines on our play field and love is still too big to bury. 323–148 BC: Ancient Greece (Hellenistic period), Greece was divided in the Kingdom of Macedonia, Kingdom of Epirus, and the Aetolian League, Achaean League, and the city-states of Sparta and Athens. 539 BC-331 BC: Part of the Achaemenid Empire 1002–1198: Duchy of Bohemia, State of the Holy Roman Empire 1944–1973:  Kingdom of Greece 1528-c.1620: Divided between the Johor Sultanate and the Perak Sultanate San Marino has existed since the 5th century and its borders have hardly changed since that time. 1559–1670: Center of the Mali Empire [70] The longest border of a European country is Russia-Kazakhstan (6846km; the second longest in the world). 1710–1814: Isle de France, part of the French Empire 1551–1670: Eastern Arabia, part of the Ottoman Empire 400 BC: Kingdom of D'mt, 1970–1987: Dominion of Fiji 1946–1992: Part of the  Yugoslavia as Socialist Republic of Macedonia 1963–1990: State of Kuwait Our definition of a Sovereign State is a European concept that was not seen is most other cultures throughout history. 2055–1650 BC: 11th and 12th Dynasties of Ancient Egypt as the middle kingdom 409–585: Kingdom of the Suebi Many countries have some remote (or fantastically remote) symbolic foundation date as part of their national mythology, sometimes artificially inflating a country's "age" for reasons of nationalism, sometimes merely gesturing at a long and gradual process of the formation of an ethnic identity. 1806–1815: Confederation of the Rhine, part of the First French Empire Ranking Year Country Explanation / Bio 10 660 BC Japan The The Japanese nation is thought to of been started by its first Emperor, Jimmu. 1940–1945: German occupation Advocates of open borders often overlook the costs of mass migration for developing countries. Since around the 10th millennium BC humans have been settled on the island dates. 1909–1934: Republic of Cuba, Protectorate of the United States 1503: Brief occupation by Rimini 1097–1148: Divided between the Banu Sulaym tribe (Cyrenaica) and the Banu Jami tribe (Tripolitania) 1942–1945: Occupied by Japan That said, Russia, Canada, and the United States are all very big in reality. I have added the countries in Asia for now. Self-government granted by United Kingdom, Unification of what is now the islands of Tonga by, Treaty with United States recognizing Tuvaluan control over. 1285–1415: Part of the Sultanate of Ifat. It also shares a quirky maritime border with the United States. 1653: Part of the Commonwealth of England As city-states settled on the coast, several nomadic tribes inhabited the rest of what is today Kenya. I'm finding this question difficult for several reasons: The notion of clearly defined borders did not exist until the modern era. 32 BC-324 AD: Part of the  Roman Empire as the province of Dalmatia and Illyricum Border Line Names of India with different countries is important to ask in general awareness part in competitive … 987–1170: Kingdom of Syunik 661–744: Center of the Ummayad Caliphate [101] 1670–1790: Eastern Arabia, ruled by the Khalidi Emirate However, it appears to have been briefly annexed a number of times in its history, which would disqualify it as the oldest. 905–945: Part of the Abbasid Caliphate and Hamdanid Emirate Since 40,000 BC humans have been settled by Native Timorese with tribes, kingdoms and confederations. 1878–1898: Wassoulou Empire 1864: Schleswig, Holstein & Lauenburg is lost to Prussia 1250–1287: Peninsular Malaysia was divided in many states like Kedah Sultanate, Samudera Pasai Sultanate, Langkasuka, Pahang Tua, etc. 1521–1602: Part of the Portuguese Empire ReddIt. 1397–1523: Kalmar Union The region that is now Belarus was first settled by Baltic tribes in the 3rd century. 27 April. 1702–1975: Part of the  Portuguese Empire Independence from Russia recognized by the highest Soviet executive body, Iceland becomes sovereign and independent from Denmark as the, No territorial changes on land have taken place, however the expansion of the, Independence declared from Germany and Russia, Separates from union with the Kingdom of the Netherlands, becomes Grand Duchy in its own right, The first partially free Parliament's vote after 45-year-long Soviet domination, Autonomous Principality of Romania founded; becomes kingdom in 1866 and achieved independence 1878, The people of San Marino established the positions of, Republic of Serbia declared legal successor to, Dissolution of crowns and kingdoms and creation. 1406–1468: Part of Qara Qoyunlu 1271–1368: Yuan dynasty 616 BC-608 BC: Part of the New Assyrian Empire and New Kingdom of Egypt By many accounts, the Republic of San Marino, one of the world's smallest countries, is also the world's oldest country.The tiny country that is completely landlocked by Italy was founded on September 3rd in the year 301 BCE. 1185–1396: Second Bulgarian Empire Between 18,500 and 14,000 BC—1541 AD: Inhabited by Chilean Natives, including Aymara, Mapuche, and Rapa Nui, 1949–present:  People's Republic of China The country is rich in history. 1918–1919: First Hungarian Republic 1337–1376: Part of Sarbadars 1796–1823: Durrani Empire (also called Sadozai Kingdom) 1964–1971: Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kinshasa) Borders—particularly national borders—affect travel and migration. The country possibly divided into smaller parts ruled by various families (642–759/760): Dabuyid dynasty Since c.1.4 million BC humans have been settled starting with Lower Paleolithic. 1506–1709: Part of the Khanate of Bukhara Apologies for the final showing of the map, at the end of the video, being a bit too fast! 1077–1225: Part of the Khwarazmian Empire 1335–1357: Part of Chobanid Dynasty 18 current states gained control of sovereignty from Soviet Union and Yugoslavia between 1990 and 1992). 1725–1894: Imamate of Futa Jallon 1890–1962: Kingdom of Burundi, part of Ruanda-Urundi (Part of the Belgian Empire) 202 BC – 40 BC: Kingdom of Numidia 960–1279: Song dynasty 1375–1412: Queen Margaret 1642–1652: Confederate Ireland (a confederal monarchy that pledged allegiance to the English monarch) 312–63 BC: Part of Seleucid Empire 778–909: Rustamid Imamate 1390–1914: Part of the Kingdom of Kongo 1384–1482: Burgundian Netherlands 395–1204: Part of the Eastern Roman Empire ( Byzantine Empire) 1839–2009: Republic of Bolivia 1071–1109: Part of the Seljuk Empire 1276–1294: Part of the Kingdom of Singhasari 1219–1346: Duchy of Estonia, a direct dominion (Latin: dominium directum) of the King of Denmark 1831–1858: Republic of New Granada (unitary state) 656–661: Part of the Rashidun Caliphate (capital city transferred to Kufa, located in modern Iraq) First human settlement from the year 598,000 BC. 1918–1919: Belarusian People's Republic 224–651: Sassanid Empire 678–550 BC: Median Empire 1521–1551: Al-Muntafiq, an Arab tribal confederation, successfully occupied al-Ahsa and al-Qatif (eastern Saudi Arabia today) 1819–1831: Gran Colombia (federal state) 1336–1646: Vijayanagara Empire (also called Kingdom of Bisnegar), ruled a major part of the southern Indian subcontinent 479–324 BC: Part of the Achaemenid Empire Zadužbine Mikh. 395—480 AD: Gaul, part of the Western Roman Empire 1917–1918: Kingdom of Poland, a puppet of  German Empire and  Austria-Hungary c.1000 BC: when the archipelago was first inhabited. Archaeologists have demonstrated that civilization in Syria was one of the most ancient on earth. 1958–1971:  United Arab Republic (In union with  Syria) 1922–1991:  Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Federated state of the  Soviet Union (The RSFSR was itself a federal state, comprising 77 federal subjects) Brazil is on third position with total international border length of 14,691 Km. 1804—1814/5: First French Empire )(India was divided into provinces (also called Presidencies) that were directly governed by the British and princely states which were nominally controlled by a local prince or raja loyal to the British Empire, which held de facto sovereignty (suzerainty) over the princely states.) 1556–1830: part of the  Ottoman Empire (as the Regency of Algiers) 901–918: Kingdom of Taebong 1347–1527: Three sultanates declared independent from Delhi Bahmani Sultanate (1347–1527), Malwa Sultanate (1392–1562), and Gujarat Sultanate (1407–1573). 1204–1297: Deva dynasty 1077–1308: Sultanate of Rum, part of the Seljuk Empire 493–553: Ostrogothic Kingdom, officially the Kingdom of Italy (Latin: Regnum Italiae). 1352–1576: Bengal Sultanate The name Dina Arobi has been associated with Arab sailors, but this is speculative, as the name is evidently of Sankritic origin (dwip (island) > diba > dina). 678–549 BC: Part of Median Kingdom/Empire 1751–1772: State of Grão-Pará and Maranhão, part of the Portuguese Empire 1945–1952: Allied-occupation of Japan with the United States and the United Kingdom in the post-war period. At the time of Columbus' arrival in 1492, the island's territory consisted of five Taíno chiefdoms: Marién, Maguá, Maguana, Jaragua, and Higüey. Zaporizhia is a historical and geographic region in Southern Ukraine). 1812: French Occupation 2700–539 BC: Inhabited by Elamites 545–321 BC: Part of the Achaemenid Empire 1900–1960: French Chad, part of the French Equatorial Africa, federation of colonial possessions of the French Empire 1561–1569: Divided between the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia, part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and the Duchy of Livonia, part of the Kingdom of Poland What about Bhutan and Nepal and Switzerland? 1516–1917: Part of the Ottoman Empire 1920–1922: Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic 1796–1925: Qajar Empire 247 BC – 224 AD: Part of Parthian Empire Since 8000 BC humans have been settled by Native Salvadorans, including Mayans, Nahuatl, and Pipils. 57 BC-935 AD: Kingdom of Silla 1644–1912:  Qing dynasty 1945–1992: Federated state of Yugoslavia 1763–1776: Thirteen British Colonies of America in the Atlantic coast, part of the British Empire; New Spain and Spanish Louisiana in the Southwestern United States, Florida and the Mississippi Basin (Louisiana returned to the French in 1801), part of the Spanish Empire; Russians established in future Alaska the colony of Russian America 1772–1775: State of Maranhão and Piauí, part of the Portuguese Empire 664–525 BC: 26th Dynasty of Ancient Egypt 1972–1981:  Fourth Republic of Korea 683–694: Divided between the Umayyad Caliphate (Cyrenaica) and the Byzantine Empire (Tripolitania) Mariote Kingdom, part of the Neo-Sumerian Empire First human settlement from 1.8 Million BC. c.3500 BCE-2550 BCE: The territory that today is Turkey was inhabited by Hattian and Hurrian tribes 1337–1376: Sarbadars 1917–1918: Autonomous Governorate of Estonia, autonomous entity of the Russian Republic 1821–1823: First Mexican Empire (unitary state) 1821–1822: Republic of Spanish Haiti 1740–1843: Kingdom of Sanwi 1405–1507: Part of Timurid Dynasty 1336–1568: Ashikaga shogunate 1717–1723: Viceroyalty of New Granada, part of the  Spanish Empire 1374–1468: Part o the Kara Koyunlu 1218–1250: Center of the Ayyubid Sultanate 319–185 BC: Part of the Maurya Empire 1577–1672: Imamate of Aussa does not prejudice the fact that England is not now a sovereign state (having passed sovereignty to the Great Britain in 1707), while France is a Republic founded in 1792 (technically, France currently refers to the French Fifth Republic, formed in 1958). 1241: Code of Jutland "Jyske Lov" 1964—1985: Brazilian Military Dictatorship (Fifth Brazilian Republic) (a federal state, the federation had 22 federated states, 1 federal district and 4 federal territories) 1415–1580: Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves (Portugal became into an empire until 2002). 661–750: Part of Umayyad Caliphate 6000 – 200 BC: Inhabited by Germanic, Urnfield, and Celts. 1886–1975: part of the French Empire San Marino is named after a stonemason named Marinus, who came from a R… 600–340 BC: Ancient Bengal was divided between various kingdoms. 1918–1922: Part of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic 1805–1814:  Napoleonic Italy, part of the First French Empire 1576–1757: Part of the Mughal Empire as Bengal Subah 1977–2011: Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (before 1986 without the word "Great" in the full name of the country) 148 BC-324 AD: Part of the  Roman Empire 42-562: Gaya confederacy 867–1002: Part of Saffarid Emirate 332–30 BC: Ptolemaic Kingdom (in association with Macedonia) The length of our land borders with neighbouring countries is as under :N. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. 1620: First overseas colony 1986–present: Republic of the Marshall Islands (independent state) Since 5700 BC humans have been settled passing the Vinča. 1933–1974: Second Portuguese Republic The Catepanate of Italy, the last Roman (Byzantine) outpost in Italy was lost in 1071. 1961–1963:  Supreme Council for National Reconstruction 37 BC–668 AD: Kingdom of Goguryeo The Portugal–Spain border has been in place since 1297. 1910–1960: Part of the French Empire as French Equatorial Africa 1204–1261: Part of the Latin Empire 1867–1915: Part of the  Russian Empire as Vistula Land Before 400 AD: There were several tribes and kingdoms in the territory of modern Ukraine. The controversial border fence measures around 8 meters in height and is designed to prevent illegal immigration. c.400 AD: the Antes Union was located in the territory of what is now Ukraine. 1568–1603: Japanese Azuchi–Momoyama It is, however, undeniably one of the oldest countries in the world, as it was founded in 301 CE. 854–1011: Part of the Abbasid Caliphate under the Habbari dynasty 800–1171: Divided in many states. 1659–1707: Kingdom of Ireland (in a personal union with England) Some historians refer to the beginning of the Holy Roman Empire as 800, with the crowning of, Đerdapski ribolovi u prošlosti i u sadašnjosti, Volume 41 Mihailo Petrović Izd. R. Radivojeviča, 1941, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFCeka2013 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFChauhan2010 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFPetragliaAllchin2007 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFPetraglia2010 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFEckertLee1990 (. 1815-1822/1825: United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves 1908–1946: Tsardom of Bulgaria (reunified with Eastern Rumelia where was a part of the  Ottoman Empire) 1813–1814: Second Republic of Venezuela 385–418 AD: Part of the Western Roman Empire as Hispania Signing of border treaty with the People's Republic of China Nepal: May 28, 2008: Formation of Republic September 25, 1768: Nepali unification: December 2, 1815: Sugauli Treaty ends the Gurkha War Oman: June 10, 1749: Beginning of the Al Said dynasty, current absolute monarchical line of Oman. 1253-c.1400: Usfurids (Bahrain) rules coastal areas in Eastern Arabia. Low sea-levels meant that Britain was attached to the continent for much of this earliest period of history, and varying temperatures over tens of thousands of years meant that it was not always inhabited. 1945–1947: Provisional Government of National Unity 2nd century: Alleged Indian Kingdom of Salakanagara in Java, 1979–1980: Under a Interim Government c. 9th century–1430: Gao Empire, 1964–1974: State of Malta1813–1964: Crown Colony of Malta1800–1813: Protectorate of Malta1798–1800: French occupation of Malta, the insurrection and independent Gozo1530–1798: Order of Saint John1130–1530: part of the Kingdom of Sicily1091–1130: part of the County of Sicily909–1091: part of the Fatimid Caliphate870–909: part of the Abbasid Caliphate395–870: part of the Byzantine Empire218 BC-395 AD: part of Roman Sicilia480 BC-218 BC: part of the Carthaginian Empire800 BC-480 BC: part of the Phoenician Empire. 1000 BC-300 AD: Yayoi era (Era when Japan was founded in 660 BC by Emperor Jimmu mythologically). 1002–1024: Western regions are Part of the Fatimid Caliphate. Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania all maintain that they were illegally occupied by the Soviet Union, and that the current states are direct continuations of the pre-WWII states, which continued to exist through, listed are the five UN member states with limited recognition: Israel (not recognized by 32 members), North and South Korea (no mutual recognition), Armenia (not recognized by Pakistan) and Cyprus (not recognized by Turkey); "China" has universal recognition, but the UN is unclear on which of the. 1989–present: Republic of Poland (third) 1717–1777: Part of  Spanish Empire as Province of Caracas (within the New Kingdom of Granada) 1992–2003: Part of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (New state) September 15–24, 1821: Republic of Honduras 632–724: Brahman dynasty of Sindh 1916–1925: Kingdom of Hejaz (Not recognized by the Ottoman Empire, last Ottoman troops evicted from Medina by Kingdom of Hejaz in 1919) 1918–1939: Republic of Poland (second) 7th century-218 BC: Inhabited by Iberians 11,000 BC-1524 AD: Inhabited by Native Paraguayans, including the Tupi-Guarani peoples, Mascoian peoples and Mataco-Guaycuru peoples. 800–909: Part of the Aghlabid Emirate 1717–1783: Ruled by Oman after a successful invasion 1005–1159: Part of the Seljuk Empire 1000–1867: Kingdom of Hungary 1960–1969: Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville) 670–860: Part of the Umayyad Caliphate as Umayyad Sindh At the end … 1810–1821: Part of the Viceroyalty of Peru (viceroyalty of the Spanish Empire) 13th century-719 BC: Three stable kingdoms emerged there at the end of the Bronze Age: Ammon, Moab and Edom. 661–750: Part of the Ummayad Caliphate c. 800–810: King Gudfred 1183–1250: Principality of Antioch and the Ayyubid Sultanate 1609–1821: Part of the Captaincy General of Guatemala (alternativelly Kingdom of Guatemala) within the Viceroyalty of New Spain (Part of the Spanish Empire) I am impressed with your concern in placing Brazil with one of the countries with the highest number of people infected by covid 19. 1368–1644: Ming dynasty “Uttar Pradesh has borders with seven states and one country. c.3300-c.1300 BC: Part of the Indus Valley Civilisation 1542–1824: Viceroyalty of Peru (Part of the Spanish Empire) From atleast 15,000 BC humans has been settled from Native Americans with tribes, chiefdoms and confederations. 1253-mid–1400s: Ruled by the Usfurid dynasty 312–63 BC: Part of Seleucid Empire 270–273: Palmyrene Empire 1815–1839: United Kingdom of the Netherlands 1990–1991: Kuwait Governorate, governorate of Iraq 322–185 BC: Maurya Empire (Political unity in verified historiography was first achieved by Chandragupta Maurya). 590–698: Part of the Exarchate of Africa 1918–1940: Republic of Estonia 1852—1870: Second French Empire 1922–1961: British Cameroon, part of the British Empire 2181–2055 BC: 8th–10th Dynasties of Ancient Egypt The kings of England claimed lordship over the whole island, but in reality the king's rule only ever extended to parts of the island. In a surprising … 1914–1922: Part of the  British Empire as the Sultanate of Egypt (British protectorate) c.800–c.1200 AD: Inhabited by the Saladoids 1516–1580: Monarchy of Spain (after the Reconquista, two Catholic monarchies (Castile and Aragon) and among other territories such as Navarre were merged by Charles I of Spain). 1867–1957: British Gold Coast Zeno negotiated with the invading Ostrogoths, convincing their king Theodoric to depart for Italy as magister militum per Italiam ("commander in chief for Italy") with the aim of deposing Odoacer. 618–907: Tang dynasty 1822–1884: Kingdom of Lesotho, 1821–1847: Settled but not claimed by United States[89]. 1929–1943: Part of the  Kingdom of Yugoslavia as Vardar Banovina